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Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is located in the eastern part of Rajasthan at a distance of 145 kms from Jaipur and considered as one of the best wildlife reserves of India. Ranthambore national park is situated at the confluence of the Aravali Hills and the Vindhyan plateau in the eastern Rajasthan. The Chambal River in the South and the Banas River in the North drain the Ranthambore National Park. Six man-made lakes and many perennial streams add to the beauty of the Ranthambore national park.

Ranthambore was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1955 & in 1973 Ranthambore national park was declared a part of the project Tiger campaign. Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary remains open every year from October to Mid June. Good accommodation and transport facilities are available on the periphery of Ranthambore national park. Ranthambore national park is the best place for sighting the famous royal Bengal tigers that move around freely and fearlessly in this undisturbed terrain. November-April is the best time to visit Ranthambore national park. At this the weather is at its best and tigers can be easily spotted basking in the warm sunshine during the day.

Ranthambore National Park has a rich wildlife including Tigers (including the most famous diurnal tigers), Leopards, Sambar deer, Chital, Striped Hyenas, Nilgai, Macaques, Jackals, Black bucks, Chinkara, Rufous tailed Hare Desert Cats, Five striped Palm Squirrels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Porcupines, Small Indian Mongoose, etc. The only amphibians in the park are Common Frog and Common Indian Toad.

Ranthambore National Park has a great variety of flora and fauna including 300 trees, 50 aquatic plants, over 300 species of birds, 12 reptiles and 30 mammals. Ranthambore national park is the home for both resident and migratory bird population. Ranthambore National Park is adjoined by two other sanctuaries, i.e. the Kaila Devi Sanctuary and the Mansingh Sanctuary. Out of the whole park some areas are open for the tourists to travel around and explore the flora and fauna of Ranthambore National Park.

Apart from the rich wildlife, Ranthambore National Park has a number of other attractions also. One of them is a mammoth fort (Ranthambore Fort, after which the park is named) towers over the park atop a hill. One can see many ruins of bygone eras scattered all over the forest giving us a wonderful and mixed flavor of wildlife, nature and history. The park is also dotted with several water bodies providing perfect relief to wild animals during the extremely hot summer months.

How to Reach

By Air: - The nearest Airport is at Jaipur, 145 km from Ranthambore.
By Rail: - The Nearest Railway Station is at Sawai Madhopur, 11 km from the Park.
Road: A good network of buses links Sawai Madhopur from Ranthambore. Ranthambore is well connected with all the major cities of Rajasthan.

Important Road Distances

145 kms


125 kms


390 kms


450 kms


476 kms


272 kms

Flora & Fauna in Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary

Flora in Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary
According to estimates, there are around 300 plant species in the Ranthambore National Park. The region receives scanty rainfalls so the vegetation comprises mainly of the dry deciduous type. The most noticeable tree in the Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is the 'Dhok' (Anogeissus pendula). Other prominent trees in the park are the Banyan (Ficus bengalensis) and Pipal. The tiger reserve has some of the oldest banyan of India. The Neem (Azadirachta indiaca), which is known for its medicinal properties is found in abundance in the Ranthambore National Park.

Some important fruit trees found in the Ranthambore National Park include the Mango (Magnifera indica), Jamun (Syzygium cumini), Ber (Zizyphus Mauritania), and Tamarind (Tamarindicus indica also known as Imli). In addition, there are many trees such as palas (Butea monosperma), which sets the forest alight with its bright orange red color. Other important plants in the Ranthambore National Park include the Babul (Accasia nilotica), Gum (Sterculia urens), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris), Khair (Accacia catechu), Kikar (Acacia nilotica), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Ronj (Acacia leucophloea) and Tendu (Diospyrous melanoxylon).

Fauna in Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park spans an area of about 400 sq km. The tiger is relatively easier to spot in Ranthambore than in many other National Parks in India. The Ranthambore tiger reserve also supports a large number of other wild species including leopards, jungle cat, hyena, jackal, porcupine, wild boar, sloth bear, marsh crocodile, langur, Indian gazelle, spotted deer, sambar (Asiatic stag) and Nilgai (blue bull). The langur is the only primate found in Ranthambore National Park and is abundant.

Ranthambore is also home to about 270 species of birds including a large number of migratory birds. Some of the many varieties of birdlife found here are the great Indian horned owl, eagles, parakeets, spoonbills, kingfishers, partridge, quail, storks, owls, geese and ducks. But the most visible bird in Ranthambore is the peacock, India's National bird.

Climate in Ranthambore

Located in Rajasthan, the Ranthambore Reserve is influenced by the desert type of climate. The vegetation, which is mostly dry and deciduous, provides good cover for the animals. The climate is generally dry but annual rainfall is enough to sustain the park population. In fact, Ranthambore is one of the green patches in the otherwise barren landscape of the state.

Best Time to Visit

The park is open for visitors from October to June. But the best season to visit Ranthambore is from November to April. This is the time when animals can be easily spotted.

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